Butterflies are often synonymized with warm summer days, unspoiled nature and a healthy environment. Its miraculous transformation from caterpillar to remarkable winged beauty has been a point of constant intrigue. However, in the last few years, many have observed a decrease in the butterfly population. A much-discussed topic in the entomological society is the decline of the insect populace, but to what extent is this topic relevant to our beloved butterflies? For years, a teacher from lower Bavaria and a biologist from Munich have dedicated themselves to studying the butterfly and their presence in Bavaria. The results of their studies tell an enlightening story that is sure to entertain.