Space Colonies - Part 2 : The Moon
The moon’s proximity to earth, as well as the discovery of water there, have placed this natural satellite front and center as a viable location for our first interstellar colony. In fact, the director of the European Space Agency has already outlined their plans for a “moon village”, intended not only for scientific and technological research, but also for activities based on exploiting resources and even tourism. This is not without challenges, however. The moon has a very different diurnal period with around two weeks of day followed by two weeks of night. The lack of atmosphere also means increased exposure to lethal cosmic radiation, as well as higher chances of being hit by meteors or dust that could damage structures or be toxic. Other challenges are the extremes in temperature, and low gravity. All these factors require careful planning as we build a lunar base.